Very nice article! If I may suggest another factor, land area, as a determinant.

India has 4x the population of US, sitting on 1/3rd the land mass. Since last mile connectivity is impossible with public transport in the US, cars (and until recently, cheap fuel) makes sense.

For smaller countries like India, it is imperative to go the public transport way, unless we hope to all own cars, and live in a traffic jam.

Here's an email I'd written to our transport minister last year about this: https://shrutinshetty.com/2021/02/21/life-is-a-highway/

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Dettol liquid soap’s refill packs (above) have a small flaw in their cap seal rings. The tiny ring that stays on the refill pack (after breaking off from the cap), is not secured in place, and tends to fall into the soap dispenser.

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Shrutin Shetty

Shrutin Shetty

Make better Products using Design Thinking, Behaviour & Strategy. Author of Design the Future. Director @ www.RattL.in , Blog @ www.shrutinshetty.com